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Hawksbill Sea Turtle

Page history last edited by jill.glazer@stgeorges.qc.ca 9 years, 2 months ago

Hawksbill Sea Turtles

by:Jill Glazer

Description:

The hawksbill's appearance is similar to that of other marine turtles. It has a generally flattened body shape, a protective carapace, and flipper (arms), to become adjusted to new conditions for swimming in the open ocean. Hawkbill Sea Turtles (fully grown) usually weigh up to 40-60kg which is between 100 and 150 pounds. The hawksbill is a smaller sea turtle with a narrow head and 2 pairs of prefrontal scales in front of its eyes. Adult Hawksbill Sea Turtles have a length of 76-91cm, which is 2.5-3 feet. 

 

Habitats:

The Hawksbill Sea Turtle usually lives around coastal reefs, rocky areas and ponds. As a highly migratory species, they inhabit a wide range of habitats, from the open ocean to lagoons and even mangrove swamps in estuaries. Hawksbill turtles are located throughout the tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They try to get away from deep waters, preferring coastlines where sponges are free and sandy nesting sites are within reach. 

Map: Hawksbill sea turtle range

Yellow: Hawksbill Sea Turtle Range

 

Predator Adaptations:

A Hawksbill Sea Turtle's diet is usually made up of mostly sponges that live in coral reefs. Their sharp, narrow beaks are used to feed on prey found in reef cracks.

Prey Adaptations:

While they are omnivorous, sea sponges are the principal food of hawksbill sea turtles. Sponges form 70–95% of their diets in the Caribbean. However, like many spongivores, they feed only on select species, avoiding many others. Aside from sponges, hawksbills feed on algaecnidarianscomb jellies and other jellyfish, and sea anemones.They also feed on the unsafe jellyfish-like hydrozoan, the Portuguese man of war. Hawksbill Sea Turtles close their powerless eyes when they feed on these cnidarians. 

 

Symbiosis:

 

Species comparison: Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Similarities:

-They are both named after their heads

-They both live at the bottom of the ocean

-They are both about the same size (length)

-They both have 2 pairs of prefrontal scutes

 

Differences:

-Loggerhead Sea Turtles weigh about 100-200 pounds more than Hawksbill Sea Turtles

-Loggerhead Sea Turtles are about 1-2 feet larger (length wise) than Hawksbill Sea Turtles

-Loggerhead Sea Turtles have 1 more costal scute than the Hawksbill Sea Turtle

 

Resources:

©2008-2009 SeaTurtles911.org. All Rights Reserved. http://www.seaturtles911.org/turtle/hawksbill.htm

© 2011 Sea Turtle Conservancy, all rights reserved.
The Sea Turtle Conservancy® logo and turtle are registered trademarks of Sea Turtle Conservancy.
Underwater Adult Turtle Photos © 1995 D. Schrichte  
http://www.conserveturtles.org/seaturtleinformation.php?page=hawksbill http://www.conserveturtles.org/seaturtleinformation.php?page=loggerhead

Copyright ©2001-2013 Save the Turtles, Inc. - Website by Kestrel Designsmaintained byInterpretive Design Associates & Dry Creek Digital Web Design http://www.costaricaturtles.org/costa_new_seaturtles.html 

© 1996-2013 National Geographic Society. All rights reserved http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/reptiles/hawksbill-turtle/

SEE Turtles, 7227 SW Linette Way, Beaverton OR 97007 - 800-854-4204 http://www.seeturtles.org/1893/sea-turtle-identification.html

http://marinebio.org/upload/Eretmochelys-imbricata/hawksbill.gif

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